Man Made Fibre Technology

Man made fibre technology (MMFT) is an independent department providing graduate degree (B.Tech) to 30 students per year. Our policy makers felt the requirement of Man made fibres in developing country like India in very early stage in 1976 and started the B.Tech course in this premier institute. Man made fibres are fulfilling the various apparel & industrial requirement of human being. The growing land for natural fibres is not increasing in the equivalent ratio to its demand, which is climbing day by day due to healthy growth in per capita income worldwide and change in lifestyle. Polyester, nylon, polypropylene, Kevlar, Corterra, Bamboo, viscose and high density polyethylene fibre (spectra) are the fibres of future. The existing facilities of the department are lacking in the present scenario of world and opening the way for future requisite. The department is keen to emerge as a center of excellence in the man made fibre developments, modifications, laboratory grade production and characterization where the latest facilities would ready for learning, serve to industry and community. With limited resources, department is still playing its significant role in surrounding textile industry for fibre identification, blend conformation and testing of spinnability of different polymers. In the limelight of above discussion, the proposed requisite will further strengthen the department potential in teaching, learning and research and development.


List of Equipments available

Sl No

Name of the Equipment

1

Computerized Universal Testing Machine

2

Melt Spinning Unit - Pilot Plant

3

UV Spectrophotometer

4

Projection Microscope (03)

5

Weighing Balance (02)


Equipments procured under TEQIP

Sl No

Name of the Equipment

Approx. Cost (Rs in Million)

1

High Precision Water bath with glass viscometer

0.066

2

Polarizing Microscope with quartz compensator

0.328

3

Constant Temperature Silicon Oil Bath

0.105

4

Density Gradient Column

0.164

5

Sample Round Cutter

0.006

6

Bursting Strength Tester

0.061

7

Digital Melting Point Apparatus

0.349

8

Digital Ph Meter

0.055

9

Plant Growth Chamber

0.397

10

Digital Hot Plate

0.145

11

Water Purification System Ultra Pure

0.489

12

Digital moisture analyzer

0.285


IMPORTANT TESTS WHICH CAN BE CONDUCTED in MMFT Department:

A.  PHYSICAL TESTING

1.  FIBRE TEST


S. No.

Test Characteristic

1.

Fineness

2.

Moisture Regain

3.

Fibre Bundle Strength/Elongation

4.

Single Fibre Strength/Elongation

5.

Fibre Staple Length/Short Fibre %

6.

Micronaire Value

7.

Fibre Maturity

8.

Trash Content %

9.

Fibre Diameter ( Micron Value )

10.

No. of Fibre/ Cross-section

11.

Microscopic Test


2.  YARN TEST

S. No.

Test Characteristic

1.

Linear Density

2.

Lea Strength

3.

Single Thread Strength/Elongation

4.

Yarn Twist ( Single or Plied )

5.

Yarn Twist ( Single or Compound )

6.

Resistance in Kms. ( RKM )

7.

Evenness ( Sliver/Roving/Yarn )

8.

Evenness ( Sliver/Roving/Yarn ) By User

9.

Nature of Yarn ( Staple/Spun/Filament )

10.

Moisture Regain

11.

Yarn CV %

12.

Classimatte Fault Test


3. FABRIC TEST

S. No.

Test Characteristic

1

Standard Measurements/ Area/ Weight

Weight per Unit Area

Fabric Thickness

Count/ Denier ( Warp/ Weft )

Crimp Test ( Warp / Weft )

Individual Twist ( Warp/ Weft ), ,

Crease Recovery

Stiffness Test

Abrasion Resistance Test

10 

Tensile Strength

11 

Bursting Strength Test

12 

Tearing Strength Test

13 

Strength of Warp/ Weft individual

14 

Read count (EPI & PPI)

15 

Percentage of Warp and Weft by weighing

16 

Air Permeability Test

17 

Water Permeability Test

18 

Drape Test

19 

Water Proofing Test

20 

Water Spray Test

21 

Pilling Test

22 

Cover Factor

23 

Weave Analysis (Simple/ Complex),

24 

Nature of Fabric (Knitted/ Woven/ Felted)


B. CHEMICAL TESTING:

S. No.

Test Characteristic

  1.  

Identification of Fibres

  1.  

Blend Analysis- a. Binary
                           b. Ternary

 

  • Computer Lab
  • Library
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  • Library
  • Library
  • Placement Cell